Long-term studies of oil spill responders are urgently needed as oil spills continue to occur. To this end, the authors of this paper established the prospective Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill Coast Guard Cohort study.
DWH oil spill responders and nonresponders who were members of the US Coast Guard between 20 April and 17 December 2010 were included. This cohort uses both prospective, objective health data from military medical encounters, and cross-sectional survey data. This paper describes the cohort, presents adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) estimating cross-sectional associations between crude oil exposure (none, low/medium, high) and acute physical symptoms, and present adjusted relative risks (RRs) based on longitudinal medical encounter data (2010–2012) for responders/nonresponders and responders exposed/not exposed to crude oil.
Responders and nonresponders in this large cohort (53,519) have similar characteristics. Crude oil exposure was reported by >50% of responders. The study found statistically significant associations for crude oil exposure with coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing, headaches, light-headedness/dizziness, skin rash/itching, diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea/vomiting, and painful/burning urination during deployment. Longitudinal analyses revealed that responders had elevated RRs for dermal conditions, as did oil-exposed responders for chronic respiratory conditions, asthma, and dermal conditions.
The authors found positive associations between crude oil exposure and various acute physical symptoms among responders, as well as longer term health effects. This cohort is well positioned to evaluate both short-term and long-term effects of oil spill exposures using both self-reported and clinical health data.
Read the paper here.
Don't miss our latest HSE content, delivered to your inbox twice monthly. Sign up for the HSE Now newsletter. If you are not logged in, you will receive a confirmation email that you will need to click on to confirm you want to receive the newsletter.
29 - 30 Apr 2020
- Brisbane, Australia
We are in the throes of an energy transition - our energy system is evolving rapidly and diversifying, decarbonising and decentralising.
22 Apr 2020
- Bergen, Norway
The SPE Norway Subsurface Conference brings together the E&P industry to expand industry technical knowledge, connect with innovators and leaders and address technical challenges facing upstream oil and gas professionals.
9 - 11 Mar 2020
- Muscat, Oman
Shaping the Future of the Energy Industry.
29 Jan 2020 22:30 GMT
- Live, then On Demand
19 - 20 Feb 2020
- Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
Covering issues related to the identification, prevention, and remediation of formation damage
HSE Now is a source for news and technical information affecting the health, safety, security, environment, and social responsibility discipline of the upstream oil and gas industry.
©2003-2020 Society of Petroleum Engineers, All Rights Reserved.