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Surface Drilling Data Can Help Optimize Fracture Treatment in Real Time

The objective of optimizing a fracture design is to spend the least amount of money and get the most productivity out of the reservoir by stimulating and contacting as much reservoir rock as possible. This paper presents a unique work flow that addresses in real time the challenges of perforation and fracture-treatment design while accounting for the lithologic and stress variability along the wellbore and its surroundings.

Surface Drilling Data in Fracturing Design and Analysis

Existing fracturing-design tools often make simplistic assumptions because of a lack of input data. These designs still use layer-cake models and sometimes rely on the data of a nearby well rather than data measured at the considered well. As cost-cutting efforts accelerate in unconventional wells, expecting a log at every well will not be feasible. Because the outcome from the fracturing design heavily depends on specific geomechanical properties, stresses, and surrounding natural fractures, changing the current industry practice of using a nearby well and assuming all subsurface properties to be the same for all stages is imperative. The software used by the authors is able to derive a 3D distribution of the rock properties required as input in the fracturing design. This fracturing-design input available at any well is made possible by using surface drilling data to compute geomechanical logs, pore pressure, stresses, porosity, and natural fractures.

Transforming Drilling Data Into Log Properties. The surface drilling data commonly available on any rig includes weight on bit, rate of penetration, rotational speed, and torque. Transforming this data into valuable input for fracturing design starts by computing the corrected mechanical specific energy (CMSE), which removes frictional pressure losses along the drillstring to obtain accurate estimations at the bit. Confined compressive strength (CCS) is then estimated. When the CMSE and the CCS are estimated correctly, the drilling efficiency is computed. Deviations from expected pore pressures are recognized by comparing a hydrostatic trendline with the drilling-efficiency data.

This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper SPE 189810, “Real-Time Completion Optimization of Fracture Treatment Using Commonly Available Surface Drilling and Fracking Data,” by Mohit Paryani, Djamel Sia, Bhavina Mistry, Drew Fairchild, and Ahmed Ouenes, FracGeo, prepared for the 2018 SPE Canada Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, 13–14 March. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
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Surface Drilling Data Can Help Optimize Fracture Treatment in Real Time

01 June 2019

Volume: 71 | Issue: 6

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