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Artificial Neural Network Models and Predicts Reservoir Parameters

Capillary pressure and relative permeability are essential measurements that affect multiphase fluid flow in porous media directly. The processes of measuring these parameters, however, are both time-consuming and expensive. Artificial-intelligence methods have achieved promising results in modeling extremely complicated phenomena in the industry. In the complete paper, the authors generate a model by using an artificial-neural-network (ANN) technique to predict both capillary pressure and relative permeability from resistivity.

Capillary Pressure and Resistivity

Capillary pressure and resistivity are two of the most significant parameters governing fluid flow in oil and gas reservoirs. Capillary pressure, the pressure difference over the interface of two different immiscible fluids, traditionally is measured in the laboratory. The difficulty of its calculation is related to the challenges of maintaining reservoir conditions and the complexity of dealing with low-permeability and strong heterogeneous samples. Moreover, unless the core materials are both available and representative, a restricted number of core plugs will lead to inadequate reservoir description. On the other hand, resistivity can be obtained by either laboratory analysis or through typical and routine well-logging tools in real time. Both parameters have similar attributes, given their dependence on wetting-phase saturation. Despite many studies in the literature that are reviewed in the complete paper, improvement of capillary pressure and resistivity modeling remains an open research area.

This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper IPTC 19854, “Modeling and Prediction of Resistivity, Capillary Pressure, and Relative Permeability Using Artificial Neural Network,” by Mustafa Ba alawi, SPE, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals; Salem Gharbi, SPE, Saudi Aramco; and Mohamed Mahmoud, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, prepared for the 2020 International Petroleum Technology Conference, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 13–15 January. The paper has not been peer reviewed. Copyright 2020 International Petroleum Technology Conference. Reproduced by permission.
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Artificial Neural Network Models and Predicts Reservoir Parameters

01 January 2021

Volume: 73 | Issue: 1

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