TOPICS OF INTEREST
WATER TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Saltwater Disposal Optimization Drives Water Midstream Sector
Operators of unconventional plays face a conundrum—how to dispose of produced water economically without risking seismicity or aquifer contamination. A recent paper and virtual forum offer ideas for optimizing saltwater disposal.
Water, Water Everywhere: Using ML and Game Theory To Win at Produced-Water Forecasting
Advanced machine-learning methods combined with aspects of game theory are helping operators understand the drivers of water production and improve forecasting and economics in unconventional basins.
What Damage Is Wrought by the Rush to Shut In Wells?
The Permian Basin is now influencing the upstream water market on the way down, while many questions swirl around the implications of unprecedented shut-ins.
Autonomous Valve Controls Excess Water, Gas Production To Increase Oil Recovery
Autonomous Inflow Control Valve technology demonstrates significant benefits within first year.
Oil Price Pains Flow Downhill
As operators feel the pinch of low oil prices, so, too, do their service providers.
Keys to Better Water Management: Seeking Sustainability Amid the Chaos
The room for error and cost overruns just got a lot smaller with the escalating need to make operations more efficient and leaner with fewer resources and investors continuing to prioritize ESG alongside profitability.
Capacitance-Resistance Model Used for Integrated Detection of Water Production
The objective of this study is to show how the capacitance-resistance model (CRM) was used on this field and how it validated the use of other independent methods. This paper demonstrates that integration of different sources of data in reservoir management is critical.
Tackling Carbon Emissions on a Grassroots Level
Alberta carbon conversion challenge yields potential GHG reduction of millions of metric tons per year.
New Technology Reduces High Water Production in Heavy-Oil Field in Oman
Field N is a complex heavy-oil field in the north of the Sultanate of Oman. The dynamic behavior of Field N is characterized by strong aquifer and is dominated by bottomwater drive.
Coupled 3D Simulator Models Wastewater-Injection-Induced Seismicity
This paper presents a coupled 3D fluid-flow and geomechanics simulator developed to model induced seismicity resulting from wastewater injection.
Subsea Water-Treatment System Installed in Pilot Test at Ekofisk
A subsea water-treatment system designed to leverage space availability, steady temperatures, lower bacteria levels, and other natural benefits of the seabed environment was successfully installed during pilot testing at the Ekofisk field offshore Norway.
Study Finds Fort Worth Basin Wastewater Injection Increases Fault-Slip Potential
Researchers mapped 251 faults in the North Texas home of the Barnett Shale, the birthplace of the shale revolution, finding that wastewater injection there “significantly increases the likelihood for faults to slip.”
Study Investigates Formation Damage Induced by Water Reinjection in Unconsolidated Sands
This paper describes a coreflooding program performed with sandpacks at different permeabilities, water qualities, and injection conditions.
Advanced Electrochemical System Desalts Produced Water, Saves Polymer
This paper presents pilot-testing results and economics from a novel electrochemical desalination technology for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) produced water.
Debottlenecking Through Produced-Water Partial Processing Unlocks Production
Inverted-ESP Completion Boosts Oil Rate While Disposing of Produced Water
This paper aims to provide an introduction to the early management of downhole produced water in strong waterdrive reservoirs using inverted electrical-submersible-pump (ESP) technology.
Produced water has been an albatross around the neck of operators for a long time. Efforts to solve its challenges have been extensive and continue to evolve. These efforts can have a strong effect on the profitability of an operation.
New Adsorption Media Technology Meets Water-Treatment Challenges
ProSep’s Osorb Media Systems are providing a unique solution for treating the water coming from chemical enhanced oil recovery operations and removing the dissolved hydrocarbons.
Maintaining Injectivity of Disposal Wells: From Water Quality to Formation Permeability
An extensive laboratory study was carried out with two objectives: to evaluate the effect of water quality on injectivity of disposal wells with reservoir core plugs and to restore injectivity of damaged wells.
Water Demand Spurs Permian Infrastructure Investment
Rising oil production in the Permian Basin has created an opportunity for midstream companies to acquire and expand pipeline infrastructure to handle a predicted spike in produced water.
Water-Management Experience in a Mature Basin in South Argentina
As part of a comprehensive water-management strategy, this paper describes different process and operational considerations that are the result of 109 years of production in Argentina’s oldest basin.
New Salt-Tolerant Friction-Reducer System Enables 100% Reuse of Produced Water
This paper discusses the field trials of a new salt-tolerant friction-reducer system in the Marcellus Shale.
Breakthrough Polymer Water-Shutoff System Shows Promise for Carbonate Ghawar Field
A new water-shutoff polymer system has been developed for carbonate formations and shows great stability.
Understanding and prioritizing water management is key for exploration-and-production operators, not only in terms of reducing overall cost but also as a means of mitigating operational risk, complying with changing regulatory requirements, and addressing environmental concerns.
Turning Dirty Produced Water Into Fresh Water and Salt To Sell
Antero Resources has built a huge plant to turn waste water into fresh water and salt for sale. The $275-million investment in West Virginia is the most tangible indication of how operators in the Marcellus are pushing water reuse.
Drilling Slowdown Sparks Water Trading
When fracturing slowed last year in the Marcellus, companies holding produced water they did not need for fracturing paid other operators to take it. It provided a cheap source of fracturing water then, and in the future, water trading could reduce the high cost of shipping water.
Southwestern Energy Operations Become Freshwater Neutral
The company makes good on a pledge to reduce freshwater use and replenish the fresh water it uses.
Induced Earthquakes in Oklahoma Dropping, But Not off the Radar
Top US seismic experts say they are keeping a watchful eye on ground shaking in the state as new concerns are raised in neighboring Texas.
Permian, Bakken Operators Face Produced Water Challenges
As oil prices recover from the low point of the downturn, operators in the Permian and the Bakken are tackling water management issues.
Preventing Emulsions by Mitigating Solids
Approaches to integrated investigative testing and root cause identification are discussed to prevent solid emulsions from stabilizing to impair flowlines and other field infrastructure.
Industry and Academia Continue Working on Big Ideas for Nanotechnology
A number of ongoing industry research projects are developing nanoparticles that work at the reservoir level and for fluid treatment. Though they may be a few years away from finalization, these efforts highlight nanotechnology’s increasingly sophisticated and growing application scope.
Considering the current downturn in crude prices, there is a renewed interest in recycling produced water for reuse in hydraulic fracturing in the development of unconventional resource plays.
More Oil, More Water: How Produced Water Will Create Big Cost Problems for Shale Operators
If crude prices, rig counts, and tight oil production demonstrate a stronger upward trend in the months to come, US shale operators may find themselves with more produced water than they bargained for.
Fit-for-Purpose Treatment of Produced Water for Hydraulic Fracturing in the Permian Basin
Sourcing water for large multifracture stimulations in west Texas is a well-known constraint on oil and gas activities in the area. A 6-month pilot operation demonstrated that produced-water reuse is technically feasible and can be a cost-effective solution.
Solving Produced-Water Challenges With a Novel Guar-Based System
This paper summarizes the benefits of using a bipolymer crosslinking system in environments where water quality cannot be guaranteed. It also demonstrates the yielded cost savings per well that are achievable when reusing 100% produced or flowback water for hydraulic fracturing.
Produced-Water Reinjection—Case Study From Onshore Abu Dhabi
Water production normally increases as fields mature, and two main ways exist to deal with the produced water. One is to dispose of the produced water into dedicated disposal wells. The other is to reinject the produced water for pressure maintenance or sweep efficiency.
UPDATE - Oklahoma Earthquake: 5.0-M Quake Damages Buildings in Oil Hub of Cushing
Earthquake in Cushing, OK -- home to the largest oil storage facility in the world -- leads to further regulatory action on disposal wells in the area.
In Search of Cheap, Fast Ways To Detect Water Troubles
Treating produced water to control bacteria is like weeding a garden. It addresses the problem that is not going away.
New Field Testing Device for Water Competes With Laboratory Methods
Analyzing the properties of produced water is a difficult process because of the extreme levels of suspended and dissolved particulates contained in it, and a chemistry profile that is in constant flux.
TOC Analysis Gains Acceptance as a Standard for Organics Testing
The presence of excessive levels of organic components in produced water can lead to costly problems for operators ranging from clogged membranes in treatment facilities to environmental issues and compliance with government permits.
Chemical Analysis of Flowback Water and Downhole Gas-Shale Samples
In this study, samples of flowback water and downhole shales are analyzed to investigate the mechanisms controlling the chemistry of flowback water.
Ohio Study Tries To Pin a Number to Earthquake Risk
Research and development firm Battelle is working on a new induced-seismicity study that aims to help wastewater disposal well operators in Ohio stay on the good side of state regulators.
Small Bubbles, Big Rewards for Separation Technology
Tiny bubbles, called nanobubbles, are the focal point of a new innovation aimed at transforming produced water from a costly byproduct into a valuable asset.
New Nanodevice Designed To Simplify Produced Water Treatment
A new techhnology aimed at treating produced water at the wellsite to near-drinking-water quality.
Seismic Shifts in Oklahoma Lead to Stricter Regulations
Industry regulators in Oklahoma have rolled out broad new restrictions on more than 600 disposal wells as part of the largest action of its kind taken in response to earthquakes.
Treating Produced Water With Understanding
Produced water has become the largest byproduct in the oil and gas industry. Treatment and disposal or reuse of this byproduct requires a good understanding of conditions and options to devise the optimal strategy.
Permian Basin Fracturing Systems Using Produced Water
This paper details the experience of using new stabilized crosslinked-fracturing-fluid systems in the Permian Basin using borated produced water.
First Reuse of 100% Produced Water in Hybrid Treatments With Gelling Agents
This paper reports the completion of a two-lateral well in the Williston basin where produced water (PW), filtered but otherwise untreated, was used throughout the slickwater and crosslinked components of approximately 60 hydraulic-fracturing stages.
Water Management: Lessons Learned and Considerations for a Shale Play in Argentina
This paper discusses aspects of water logistics necessary during the well-completion phase, fracture-treatment designs applied in Vaca Muerta, and laboratory studies performed on flowback and produced water to help evaluate the potential for water reuse.
Statistics Point to Water Injection as Cause of Earthquakes, But Understanding Why Remains a Geological Puzzle
A surge in earthquakes tightly clustered in southern Kansas that followed the large increase in produced water injections prompted the state to cut the daily limits on disposal wells in that area to see if that will help solve the problem.
In the interest of conservation and sustainability, it is highly desirable to maximize any opportunity to reuse the produced water for subsequent fracturing treatments.
SPE Effluent Discharge Management Workshop Addresses Standards and Regulations
The SPE Trinidad and Tobago Section recently hosted an Applied Technology Workshop (ATW) on oil and gas effluent discharge management that brought together those responsible for generating effluent discharges, regulators, and those creating treatment technologies
An Environmental Perspective on Risk Management and Water
There is no denying that the oil and gas industry, as well as the agencies that regulate its activities, have significantly improved many aspects of environmental performance. Despite this progress, there is always more to be done to identify and manage risks associated with oil and gas development.
Centralized Water-Management Facilities in the Piceance Basin
The Piceance basin in western Colorado is a long-term play expected to produce for another 20 years or more.
Advanced Technologies for Produced-Water Treatment and Reuse
This paper presents the results of a laboratory investigation in which treatment processes were evaluated as treatment methods for produced water (PW) from different oil and gas fields.
Water-Management Approach for Shale Operations in North America
This paper describes functional water-treatment steps that target the most common removal of suspended solids and oil or condensate from Produced-water (PW) and flowback-water (FW) for recycling or disposal operations.
The demands for fresh water used in hydraulic-fracturing operations are placing constraints on water resources in some regions of the United States. Along with higher acquisition costs for fresh water, produced-water-disposal costs also have increased.
As Scarcity Hits, Water Tech Flows In
As Scarcity Hits, Water Tech Flows In Over the next few years, water treatment technologies are expected to continue to be deployed in the basin, as drought drives aquifer levels to new lows.
Reusable Filtration Technology Under Development
A new type of organically modified silica glass that can remove a wide variety of oils and contaminants from produced and flowback water is showing promising results as it undergoes field trials.
Searching for Solutions to Induced Seismicity
A sharp rise in seismic events in some areas of the United States where oil and gas production is booming is leading regulators and the industry to examine whether the two are related.
Water-Resource-Management Guide Offers Method for Identifying, Managing Risk
While water issues are often location- and situation-dependent, a standardized guide to water-resource management has been developed for upstream oil- and gas-production projects and operations.
In Search of Better Water Quality Through Continuous Monitoring
The simplest way to measure return on investment for an offshore water treatment system is to determine whether using the system actually reduces the risk of paying a fine for violating water pollution laws.
Comparing North Sea and Deepwater Gulf of Mexico Produced-Water-Treating Systems
In terms of platform technologies and extraction strategies, there are fundamental differences between the North Sea and the deepwater Gulf of Mexico (GOM).
Produced-Water-Reinjection Design and Uncertainties Assessment
The objective of this paper is to detail how water quality and injection pressure are deduced when uncertainties of input data are considered.
Searching for Opportunities in Environmental Trouble
Polluted streams in Pennsylvania could provide a source of water for hydraulic fracturing and help prove a new way to clean up waterways contaminated by coal mine waste.
Cyclic-Production-Scheme Performance Evaluated Using Reservoir Simulation
Many strategies have been implemented to mitigate the problem of high water-production rates seen in mature fields.
Produced water is an inextricable part of the oil- and gas-recovery process, and it is by far the largest-volume waste stream associated with oil and gas recovery.
Offshore Water-Disposal Wells: Formation Damage and Treatment
In one Saudi Aramco offshore oil field, the production from different platforms is transported to an onshore gas/oil-separation plant (GOSP) where the produced water is removed from the hydrocarbon stream.
The Next-Generation Water Filter for the Oil and Gas Industry
Many segments of the oil and gas production industry need improvements in water filtration over traditional methods.
Review of Water Use at Canada’s Oil Sands Points Toward Environmental Sustainability
Concerns have been expressed and published about the amount of water used in Canada’s oil-sands industry.
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