New Method To Estimate Surface-Separator Optimum Operating Pressures
The significance of setting optimal surface separation pressures cannot be overemphasized in surface-separation design for the purpose of maximizing the surface liquid production from the wellstream feed. Usually, classical pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) analysis of reservoir fluids provides one or several separator tests through which the optimum separator pressures are estimated. In case separator tests are not available, or the limited numbers of separator tests are not adequate to determine the optimum separator pressures, empirical correlations are applied to estimate the optimum separator pressures. The empirical correlations, however, have several disadvantages that limit their practical applications.
In this study, we approached the problem with a rigorous method with a theoretical basis. According to the gas/liquid equilibrium calculation, the optimum separator pressures were determined. Comparisons of our results with experimental data indicated that the proposed method can simulate the separator tests very well. Because the method has a theoretical basis and does not require existing two-stage or multiple-stage separator-test data as in the application of empirical correlations, it potentially has wide applications in practice for a variety of conditions and yields a more optimal separation scheme than the empirical correlations. Furthermore, the method is independent of reservoir fluid. In the event that separator tests are available from fluid analysis, our method can be used as a quality-control tool. Because the setting for optimal separation pressures vary as the composition of the wellstream changes during the field life, our method provides a quick and low-computational-cost approach to estimate optimum separator pressures corresponding to different compositions.
University of Houston Researchers Make Progress in the Modeling of Evaporation
Researchers described the temperature changes at the point where liquid meets the vapor during evaporation. The explanation, developed using the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method, will allow scientists to more accurately simulate the performance of systems based on the theory of evaporation.
Energy Companies Well Suited To Adapt to Industry 4.0
Industry 4.0, the latest industrial revolution, has hit the manufacturing sector, building upon the adoption of computers and automation into industrial processes. How well suited is the oil and gas industry to leverage the new autonomous systems that could emerge from this transformation?
Water Desalination Applications in Shale-Gas and Polymer EOR Produced Waters
Oil and gas extraction using water has opened up new hydrocarbon resources. However they can produce four times more salty water byproduct than oil. Desalination in shale gas and polymer-flood EOR remain niche markets for lowering cost and improving production.
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